STD stands for sexually transmitted disease and as the name indicates, an STD is an infection passed from one person to another during sexual contact. If you completed a health class during your high school years, you probably remember a fact or two about STDs and can list commonly known STDs such as gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, and HIV/AIDS.
A common misconception surrounding STDs today is that they are not as common as they once were a decade or two ago, and also that most STDs can be cured with a trip to a physician. But these misconceptions simply don’t add up to facts. The Centers for Disease Control estimates around 20 million people in the U.S. will contract a sexually transmitted infection each year, and at least half of those infections will occur in young people ages 15-24.
Those numbers are quite frightening, but we believe through education and proper safe sex practices the number of sexually transmitted infections in the U.S. can decline. That’s why we’ve put together a fact sheet about STDs that’s the perfect starting point for educating yourself on the truth about sexually transmitted diseases.
Myth: Most STDs except HIV/AIDS are curable with an antibiotic.
Truth: STDs are caused by bacteria, parasites, yeast, and viruses. Only STDs caused by bacteria, yeast or parasites can be treated with antibiotics. STDs caused by viruses are incurable although symptoms and the disease itself can be controlled by medication.
Myth: Condoms eliminate the risk of contracting an STD.
Truth: Condoms greatly reduce the risk of contracting an STD but they do not eliminate the risk altogether. The only way to eliminate the risk of contracting an STD is to avoid any type of sex.
Myth: Women are at a greater risk for contracting STDs than men.
Truth: Both men and women are at equal risk but health problems from STDs tend to be more severe for women than for men.
Myth: The HPV vaccine only works if you get it before becoming sexually active.
Truth: Although it is better to get the HPV vaccine during youth, women up to age 26 and men up to age 21 can still benefit from vaccination.
Myth: Less than 10 types of STDs exist.
Truth: Currently, there are more than 20 known types of STDs. Common STDs include:
- HPV(human papillomavirus)
- Genital Herpes
- Viral Hepatitis
- Bacterial Vaginosis
The only sure way to prevent STDs is to refrain from sexual activity. If you plan to engage in any type of sexual activity and have had more than one sexual partner, you need an STD test. EliteCare offers STD testing and its available anytime we are open. Call 662-348-3342 to schedule your appointment today.