Everyone has experienced a headache at some point in their life, but more than 3 million Americans suffer from frequent headaches in combination with other symptoms. These types of headaches are referred to as migraines. Today, we’re taking a look at the various types of migraines and headaches that commonly plague migraine sufferers.
Migraine without aura.
This type of migraine occurs as an intense, throbbing headache usually affecting one side of the head. The headache worsens with movement and lasts between 4-72 hours. Nausea, blurred vision, stiffness in the neck and shoulders, and sensitivity to light, noise and smells also often accompanies these headache symptoms.
Migraine with aura.
In this case, neurological disturbance occurs about 20 minutes to 1 hour before migraine headache symptoms begin. Disturbances may appear as blind spots, flashing lights, or zig-zag patterns in your vision, as well as other symptoms such as slurred speech, confusion or loss of coordination, and a pins and needles sensation that begins in the fingers or arms and spreads to the face.
Migraine with aura without headache.
Though this type of migraine usually spares sufferers of experiencing painful headache symptoms, the symptoms associated with aura can be quite scary if the patient is unaware of what is happening to them.
Vestibular migraine, or migraine associated vertigo.
This type of migraine includes typical migraine symptoms along with common symptoms associated with vertigo including severe dizziness, tinnitus, diminished eye focus, confusion or disorientation, muscle spasms, anxiety, neck pain, nausea or vomiting, and loss of control of body movement.
This type of migraine has symptoms consistent with those of a stroke, including weakness on one side of the body, visual aura, and a pins and needles sensation.
For reasons that are not quite clear, this type of migraine causes temporary vision loss of one eye that can last anywhere from 1 minute to 1 month.
People who experience a migraine lasting more than 15 days suffer from chronic migraines.
Ice pick headache.
Like the name suggests, ice pick headaches are characterized by sharp, stabbing pain that is short but excruciating. Ice pick headaches typically affect the orbit, temple and parietal areas of the head.
These headaches occur as a near burning pain around and above the eyes and temple and moving to the back of the head. Red, swollen eyes and runny nose are often associated symptoms.
These are headaches caused by pain in the neck or a lesion on the spine. Physical therapy or medication may be required to get rid of cervicogenic headaches.
No one should suffer from frequent headaches or migraines alone. If you or a family member are experiencing headache or migraine symptoms, contact Elite Care today to schedule an exam with our provider.
For more information on migraine headaches from the American Migraine Foundation, click here.